Children should be evaluated at the earliest age possible by a pediatrician or other medical practitioner for visual acuity and ocular disease.
• Children should be evaluated at the earliest age possible by a pediatrician or other medical practitioner for visual acuity and ocular disease.
• All children should undergo an evaluation to detect eye and vision abnormalities as follows:
1- during the first few months of life
2- at 6 months to 1 year
3- at 3 years (approximately)
4- at 5 years (approximately).
• Abnormalities present at birth, such as opacities of the ocular media (e.g., congenital cataract), may have profound effects on the development of the normal vision in the infant. By age 3 to 3 1/2 years, the child will generally cooperate enough for a fairly accurate assessment of visual acuity and ocular alignment:
1- School-age children: every 1 to 2 years.
2- Age of puberty to 40: at least once By an Ophthalmologist.
3- Patients with diabetes mellitus: every year (at least).
4- Age 40 to 64: every 2 to 4 years.
5- Age 65 years or older: every 1 to 2 years.
6- The frequency of ocular examinations in the presence of acute or chronic disease will vary widely, with intervals ranging from hours to several months, depending on the risks encountered, response to treatment, and potential for the disease to progress.
7- Any individual with an unusual risk for developing disease like Family history of Glaucoma or Macular Degeneration, Patients with diabetes or on medication that may affect their vision should have periodic examinations, determined by the particular risks, even if no symptoms are present.