Glaucoma is caused by a number of different eye diseases which in most cases produce increased pressure within the eye.
Glaucoma is caused by a number of different eye diseases which in most cases produce increased pressure within the eye. This elevated pressure is caused by a backup of fluid in the eye. Over time, it causes damage to the optic nerve. Through early detection, diagnosis and treatment, you and your doctor can help to preserve your vision.
There are different types of glaucoma. The most common forms are:
1- Open-Angle Glaucoma
2- Closed–Angle Glaucoma
Progressive optic nerve damage and visual field loss with an elevated intraocular pressure.
- Approximately one percent of all Americans have this form of glaucoma
- Most common form of glaucoma in our country
- Mainly in the over-50 age group.
There are no symptoms associated with POAG:
- No Loss of vision early on
- Peripheral loss of vision as disease advances
- Complete loss of vision in advanced cases
People at risk have the following:
- Family History of Glaucoma
- Increased Intraocular Pressure
- Age > 50 years
Progressive optic nerve damage and visual field loss with an elevated intraocular pressurecaused by a closed angle of the eye. -Affects nearly half a million people in the United States.
1- No Symptoms most of the times
2- May cause sudden blurry vision and pain known as "Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma
People predisposed to this condition:
1- Family History of Angle Closure Glaucoma
2- Asian Descent
3- Far-Sightedness (Hyperopia)